Nigeria’s Supreme Court and Judicial Hierarchy

Supreme Court of Nigeria

The Nigerian judiciary plays a crucial role in upholding the rule of law and ensuring justice is served in the country. At the pinnacle of this judicial system is the Supreme Court of Nigeria. In this article, we will explore the Nigerian judicial hierarchy, focusing on the Supreme Court and its significance in the legal landscape.

How Many Supreme Courts are There in Nigeria?

Nigeria, like many other countries, has one Supreme Court. The Supreme Court of Nigeria is the highest appellate court in the country, and it is responsible for interpreting and upholding the constitution, as well as providing final judgments in legal disputes. It is the court of last resort, where individuals and entities can seek redress when all other legal avenues have been exhausted.

Which is the Highest Supreme Court in Nigeria?

As mentioned earlier, there is only one Supreme Court in Nigeria, and it holds the highest authority in the country’s judiciary. It is the final arbiter in legal matters and has the ultimate say in interpreting the constitution and laws of Nigeria.

Who is Nigeria’s Supreme Court Judge?

The composition of the Supreme Court of Nigeria includes the Chief Justice of Nigeria and a varying number of justices depending on the needs of the court. The Chief Justice of Nigeria is the head of the judiciary and presides over the Supreme Court. The other justices are appointed based on their legal expertise and experience. The specific justices serving on the Supreme Court may change over time due to retirements, appointments, or other reasons. As of my last knowledge update in September 2021, Ibrahim Tanko Muhammad was the Chief Justice of Nigeria. However, please note that this information may have changed, and I recommend checking the latest news or official government sources for the most up-to-date information on Nigeria’s Supreme Court justices.

Which Court is the Highest Court in Nigeria?

The Supreme Court of Nigeria is the highest court in the country. It is the court of last resort and holds the ultimate authority in interpreting and applying Nigerian laws and the constitution. Decisions made by the Supreme Court are final and binding, setting legal precedents for lower courts to follow.

Which Court is the Lowest Court in Nigeria?

In the Nigerian judicial system, the Magistrates’ Court is considered one of the lowest tiers of the judiciary. These courts handle less complex civil and criminal matters, including minor offenses and disputes. Above the Magistrates’ Court are various other courts, such as the High Court, the Court of Appeal, and, ultimately, the Supreme Court.


The Supreme Court of Nigeria holds a pivotal role in the country’s legal system, serving as the highest court of appeal and the ultimate authority in interpreting Nigerian laws and the constitution. Understanding the Nigerian judicial hierarchy and the significance of the Supreme Court is essential for anyone seeking justice or engaged in legal matters in the country. It is also important to stay informed about changes in the judiciary, including appointments and resignations of judges, by referring to official sources for the most up-to-date information.